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Primera maratón de Boston celebrada

Primera maratón de Boston celebrada


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El 19 de abril de 1897, John J. McDermott de Nueva York ganó el primer maratón de Boston con un tiempo de 2:55:10.

El maratón de Boston fue una creación del miembro de la Asociación Atlética de Boston y director inaugural del equipo olímpico de EE. UU. John Graham, quien se inspiró en el maratón de los primeros Juegos Olímpicos modernos de Atenas en 1896. Con la ayuda del empresario de Boston Herbert H. Holton, varias rutas se consideraron, antes de que finalmente se seleccionara una distancia medida de 24.5 millas desde el Irvington Oval en Boston hasta Metcalf's Mill en Ashland.

Quince corredores comenzaron la carrera pero solo 10 llegaron a la línea de meta. John J. McDermott, en representación del Pastime Athletic Club de la ciudad de Nueva York, tomó la delantera del atleta de Harvard Dick Grant sobre las colinas de Newton. Aunque caminó varias veces durante las millas finales, McDermott ganó por unos cómodos seis minutos y cincuenta y dos segundos. McDermott había ganado el único otro maratón en suelo estadounidense el octubre anterior en Nueva York.

La distancia del maratón se cambió en 1908 de acuerdo con los estándares olímpicos a su longitud actual de 26 millas 385 yardas.

El Maratón de Boston se llevó a cabo originalmente el Día del Patriota, el 19 de abril, un feriado regional que conmemora el comienzo de la Guerra Revolucionaria. En los años en que el 19 caía en domingo, la carrera se disputaba el lunes siguiente. En 1969, el Día de los Patriotas se trasladó oficialmente al tercer lunes de abril y la carrera se ha celebrado ese lunes desde entonces.

A las mujeres no se les permitió participar oficialmente en la carrera de Boston hasta 1972, pero Roberta "Bobbi" Gibb no podía esperar: en 1966, se convirtió en la primera mujer en correr toda la maratón de Boston, pero tuvo que esconderse entre los arbustos cerca de la salida hasta que comenzó la carrera. En 1967, Kathrine Switzer, que se había registrado como “K. V. Switzer ”, fue la primera mujer en correr con dorsal. Switzer terminó a pesar de que los funcionarios intentaron sacarla físicamente de la carrera después de que fue identificada como mujer.

En el otoño de 1971, la Unión de Atletismo Amateur permitió que sus maratones autorizados (incluido Boston) permitieran la entrada de mujeres. Nina Kuscsik se convirtió en la primera participante femenina oficial en ganar el Maratón de Boston en 1972. Otras siete mujeres comenzaron y terminaron esa carrera.

En 1975, el Maratón de Boston se convirtió en el primer maratón importante en incluir una competencia de división en silla de ruedas. Bob Hall lo ganó en dos horas y 58 minutos. El Maratón de Boston fue el escenario de un ataque terrorista de 2013 que mató a tres espectadores e hirió a más de 260.


Maratón de Boston

Nuestros editores revisarán lo que ha enviado y determinarán si deben revisar el artículo.

Maratón de Boston, carrera a pie desde Hopkinton, Massachusetts, EE. UU., hasta la sección Back Bay de Boston, una distancia de 42,195 metros (26 millas 385 yardas). El maratón anual más antiguo del mundo, se llevó a cabo primero en 1897 y luego anualmente en el Día de los Patriotas (originalmente el 19 de abril de 1969 el tercer lunes de abril), que conmemora las Batallas de Lexington y Concord (1775) en la Guerra de Independencia de los Estados Unidos. El maratón de Boston es uno de los seis maratones más importantes del mundo, junto con los maratones de Nueva York, Chicago, Berlín, Londres y Tokio. Está patrocinado por la Asociación Atlética de Boston. Los corredores (unos 20.000 a principios del siglo XXI, frente a unos 200 en 1960) vienen de todo el mundo para participar.

El primer ganador del maratón fue John J. McDermott, quien completó la carrera de 24,5 millas (39,4 km) en menos de tres horas. La longitud de la carrera se incrementó a su distancia actual en 1927. En 1966, Roberta Gibb se convirtió en la primera mujer en completar la carrera, aunque corrió sin un número oficial. En 1967 Kathy Switzer, quien se había dado el nombre de K.V. Switzer en la solicitud de carrera, se le emitió un número oficial y completó el maratón, aunque el director de la carrera trató de sacarla del recorrido. En 1972, la Maratón de Boston se convirtió en la primera carrera de maratón en admitir oficialmente mujeres corredoras. Tres años después, se convirtió en el primer maratón importante en realizar una carrera en silla de ruedas.

En 2013, dos bombas explotaron cerca de la línea de meta del maratón aproximadamente cinco horas después de que comenzara la carrera, lo que provocó tres muertes y más de 260 espectadores y participantes heridos. La búsqueda posterior de los sospechosos del atentado terrorista condujo a un tiroteo mortal y una persecución que cerró el área del Gran Boston por un día.


Maratón de Boston cancelado por primera vez en 124 años de historia

El Maratón de Boston, originalmente programado para realizarse en abril y luego pospuesto hasta septiembre debido a la pandemia de Covid-19, ahora ha sido cancelado por primera vez en su historia, dijeron los organizadores el jueves.

La carrera, que se celebra anualmente desde 1897, es el maratón más prestigioso del mundo y generalmente atrae a más de 30.000 corredores de todo el mundo.

"Nuestra principal prioridad sigue siendo salvaguardar la salud de la comunidad, así como de nuestro personal, participantes, voluntarios, espectadores y simpatizantes", dijo Tom Grilk, director ejecutivo de la Asociación de Atletismo de Boston, que administra la Maratón de Boston, en un comunicado de prensa.

El alcalde de Boston, Marty Walsh, dijo en Twitter que la carrera, cuyo campo atrae a profesionales condecorados y atletas olímpicos a corredores aficionados, no era factible este año.

“Si bien nuestro objetivo y nuestra esperanza es avanzar en la contención del virus y la recuperación de nuestra economía, este tipo de evento no sería responsable ni realista el 14 de septiembre o en cualquier momento de este año”, dijo Walsh.

La carrera de 26,2 millas (42 km), que se extiende desde el suburbio de Hopkinton hasta el centro de Boston, es la primera de las seis World Marathon Majors que se cancela debido al brote de coronavirus, que paralizó los deportes en vivo a mediados de marzo.

El Maratón de Tokio se llevó a cabo el 1 de marzo solo con corredores de élite, Londres se pospuso al 4 de octubre a partir del 26 de abril y los organizadores de Berlín dijeron que la carrera no se adelantará en septiembre, pero no especificaron si se pospondría o cancelaría por completo.

El Maratón de Chicago y el Maratón de la Ciudad de Nueva York no han anunciado ningún cambio para realizar sus eventos en octubre y noviembre, respectivamente.


Contenido

El Maratón de Boston se corrió por primera vez en abril de 1897, inspirado por el resurgimiento del maratón para los Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1896 en Atenas, Grecia. Hasta 2020 fue el maratón de carrera continua más antiguo, [6] y la segunda carrera a pie más larga de América del Norte, habiendo debutado cinco meses después del Buffalo Turkey Trot. [7]

El 19 de abril de 1897, diez años después del establecimiento de la B.A.A., la asociación celebró la maratón de 24,5 millas (39,4 km) para concluir su competencia atlética, la B.A.A. Juegos. [3] El ganador inaugural fue John J. "JJ" McDermott, [4] quien corrió el recorrido de 24.5 millas en 2:55:10, liderando un campo de 15. El evento estaba programado para el feriado recientemente establecido del Día de los Patriotas. , con la carrera que une las luchas atenienses y estadounidenses por la libertad. [8] La carrera, que se conoció como la Maratón de Boston, se ha celebrado todos los años desde entonces, incluso durante los años de la Guerra Mundial y la Gran Depresión, lo que la convierte en la maratón anual más antigua del mundo. En 1924, la línea de salida se trasladó de Metcalf's Mill en Ashland a Hopkinton Green y el recorrido se alargó a 26 millas 385 yardas (42,195 km) para cumplir con el estándar establecido por los Juegos Olímpicos de Verano de 1908 y codificado por la IAAF en 1921. [ 9]

El Maratón de Boston fue originalmente un evento local, pero su fama y estatus han atraído a corredores de todo el mundo. Durante la mayor parte de su historia, la Maratón de Boston fue un evento gratuito, y el único premio otorgado por ganar la carrera fue una corona tejida con ramas de olivo. [10] Sin embargo, los premios en efectivo patrocinados por empresas comenzaron a otorgarse en la década de 1980, cuando los atletas profesionales se negaron a correr la carrera a menos que hubiera un premio en efectivo disponible. El primer premio en efectivo por ganar el maratón se otorgó en 1986. [11]

Walter A. Brown fue el presidente de la Asociación Atlética de Boston de 1941 a 1964. [12] Durante el apogeo de la Guerra de Corea en 1951, Brown negó a los coreanos la entrada al maratón de Boston. Dijo: "Mientras los soldados estadounidenses luchan y mueren en Corea, todos los coreanos deberían luchar para proteger a su país en lugar de entrenar para maratones. Mientras la guerra continúe allí, no aceptaremos inscripciones coreanas para nuestra carrera el 19 de abril. . " [13]

Bobbi Gibb y Kathrine Switzer Editar

El libro de reglas del Maratón de Boston hasta después de la carrera de 1967 no mencionó el género, [14] ni la Unión Atlética Amateur (AAU) excluyó a las mujeres de las carreras que incluían hombres hasta después del Maratón de Boston de 1967. [15] No se estableció una carrera femenina separada en el Maratón de Boston hasta 1972. Los organizadores de la carrera reconocen a Roberta "Bobbi" Gibb como la primera mujer en correr todo el Maratón de Boston en 1966. El intento de Gibb de registrarse para esa carrera fue rechazado por el director de carrera Will Cloney en una carta en la que afirmaba que las mujeres eran fisiológicamente incapaces de correr 26 millas. [16] Gibb terminó la carrera de 1966 en tres horas, veintiún minutos y cuarenta segundos, [17] por delante de dos tercios de los corredores.

En 1967, Kathrine Switzer, quien se inscribió para la carrera con su número de registro oficial de AAU, pagó la tarifa de inscripción, proporcionó un certificado de aptitud física debidamente adquirido y firmó su formulario de inscripción con su firma habitual 'K. V. Switzer ', fue la primera mujer en correr y terminar con un registro oficial de carrera válido. [14] Como resultado de la finalización de la carrera de Switzer como la primera corredora oficialmente registrada, la AAU cambió sus reglas para prohibir a las mujeres competir en carreras contra hombres. [15] Switzer terminó la carrera a pesar de un incidente infame en el que el oficial de carrera Jock Semple la agredió repetidamente en un intento de estafar sus números de carrera y expulsarla de la carrera. [14] [18] En 1996 el B.A.A. Reconocieron retroactivamente como campeonas a las líderes femeninas no oficiales de 1966 a 1971. En 2015, alrededor del 46 por ciento de las participantes eran mujeres.

Rosie Ruiz, la impostora Editar

En 1980, Rosie Ruiz cruzó la línea de meta en primer lugar en la carrera femenina. Los oficiales de la maratón sospecharon cuando se descubrió que Ruiz no apareció en las cintas de video de la carrera hasta cerca del final de la carrera. Una investigación posterior concluyó que Ruiz se había saltado la mayor parte de la carrera y se mezcló con la multitud a una milla (1,6 km) de la línea de meta, donde luego corrió hacia su falsa victoria. Ruiz fue descalificado oficialmente y la canadiense Jacqueline Gareau fue proclamada ganadora. [19] [20]

Muertes de participantes Editar

En 1905, James Edward Brooks de North Adams, Massachusetts murió de neumonía poco después de correr el maratón. [21] En 1996, un sueco de 61 años, Humphrey Siesage, murió de un ataque al corazón durante la centésima carrera. [22] En 2002, Cynthia Lucero, de 28 años, murió de hiponatremia. [23]

2011: Geoffrey Mutai y la IAAF Editar

El 18 de abril de 2011, Geoffrey Mutai de Kenia ganó el Maratón de Boston 2011 en un tiempo de 2: 03: 02: 00. [24] Aunque este fue el maratón más rápido jamás realizado en ese momento, la Asociación Internacional de Federaciones de Atletismo señaló que el rendimiento no era elegible para el estado de récord mundial dado que el recorrido no cumplía con las reglas que consideraban la caída de elevación y la separación de salida y llegada ( este último requisito está destinado a evitar las ventajas obtenidas con un fuerte viento de cola, como fue el caso en 2011). [25] The Associated Press (AP) informó que Mutai tenía el apoyo de otros corredores que describen las reglas de la IAAF como "defectuosas". [26] Según el Boston Herald, el director de carrera Dave McGillivray dijo que estaba enviando documentación a la IAAF en un intento de que la marca de Mutai fuera ratificada como récord mundial. [24] Aunque esto no tuvo éxito, la AP indicó que el intento de certificar la marca como récord mundial "obligaría a los órganos rectores a rechazar una actuación sin precedentes en la carrera de maratón más prestigiosa del mundo". [26]

2013: Bombardeo Editar

El 15 de abril de 2013, la Maratón de Boston todavía estaba en curso a las 2:49 p.m. EDT (casi tres horas después de que el ganador cruzó la línea de meta), cuando dos bombas caseras se hicieron estallar a unas 200 yardas (180 m) de distancia en Boylston Street, en aproximadamente las últimas 225 yardas (200 m) del campo. La carrera se detuvo, lo que impidió que muchos terminaran. [27] [28] Tres espectadores murieron y se estima que 264 resultaron heridos. [29] Los participantes que completaron al menos la mitad del curso y no terminaron debido al bombardeo recibieron entrada automática en 2014. [30] En 2015, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, uno de los autores del atentado, fue declarado culpable de 30 delitos federales. en relación con el ataque y fue condenado a muerte. Su hermano Tamerlan fue asesinado por la policía. [31]

2014: Descalificación de carrera femenina Editar

Bizunesh Deba de Etiopía fue finalmente nombrada ganadora de la maratón de Boston 2014, luego de la descalificación de Rita Jeptoo del evento debido a un dopaje confirmado. Deba terminó en un tiempo de 2:19:59 y se convirtió en el poseedor del récord del curso. Su actuación superó a la de Margaret Okayo, que tuvo un tiempo de 2:20:43 en 2002. [32]

2016: Bobbi Gibb como gran mariscal Editar

En la Maratón de Boston de 2016, Jami Marseilles, una estadounidense, se convirtió en la primera mujer con doble amputación en terminar la Maratón de Boston. [33] [34] Bobbi Gibb, la primera mujer que corrió todo el maratón de Boston (1966), fue la gran mariscal de la carrera. [35] La ganadora de la división Women's Open, Atsede Baysa, le dio a Gibb su trofeo Gibb dijo que iría a la Etiopía natal de Baysa en 2017 y se lo devolvería. [36]

Cancelación 2020 Editar

Debido a la pandemia del coronavirus COVID-19, el Maratón de Boston 2020 se reprogramó inicialmente del 20 de abril al 14 de septiembre. [37] Fue el primer aplazamiento en la historia del evento. [38]

El 28 de mayo de 2020, se anunció que se canceló el maratón reprogramado para el 14 de septiembre. El alcalde de Boston, Marty Walsh, dijo sobre la decisión de cancelar la carrera: "No hay forma de mantener este formato de carrera habitual sin acercar a un gran número de personas. Si bien nuestro objetivo y nuestra esperanza era avanzar en la contención del virus y la recuperación de nuestro economía, este tipo de evento no sería responsable o realista el 14 de septiembre o en cualquier momento de este año ". [39]

En su lugar, el B.A.A. anunció planes para tener una carrera virtual para que la tradición pueda continuar de manera segura. [40] Este se convirtió en el primer año en los 124 años de historia de la carrera en que se canceló el evento, y la segunda vez que se modificó, la primera vez fue en 1918, cuando la carrera se cambió de un maratón a una carrera de relevos militar porque de la Primera Guerra Mundial. Los participantes al maratón de ese año pueden tener la opción de obtener un reembolso o una entrada automática para 2021.

2021: mayor impacto de COVID-19 Editar

El 28 de octubre de 2020, el B.A.A. anunció que la edición 2021 del maratón no se llevaría a cabo en abril.Los organizadores declararon que esperaban organizar el evento más adelante en el año, posiblemente en el otoño. [41] A finales de enero de 2021, los organizadores anunciaron el 11 de octubre como la fecha del maratón, dependiendo de que se permitieran las carreras en ruta en Massachusetts en ese momento. [42] En marzo, los organizadores anunciaron que el campo se limitaría a 20.000 corredores. [43]

Edición de calificación

Maratón de Boston
estándares de calificación
(efectivo para la carrera de 2020) [44]
La edad Hombres Mujeres
18–34 3 h 00 min 3 h 30 min
35–39 3 h 05 min 3 h 35 min
40–44 3 h 10 min 3 h 40 min
45–49 3 h 20 min 3 h 50 min
50–54 3 h 25 min 3 h 55 min
55–59 3 h 35 min 4 h 05 min
60–64 3 h 50 min 4 h 20 min
65–69 4 h 05 min 4 h 35 min
70–74 4 h 20 min 4 h 50 min
75–79 4 h 35 min 5 h 05 min
≥80 4 h 50 min 5 h 20 min

El Maratón de Boston está abierto a corredores mayores de 18 años de cualquier país, pero deben cumplir con ciertos estándares de calificación. [45] Para calificar, un corredor debe completar primero un curso de maratón estándar certificado por un organismo rector nacional afiliado a World Athletics dentro de un cierto período de tiempo antes de la fecha del Maratón de Boston deseado (generalmente dentro de aproximadamente 18 meses antes).

En las décadas de 1980 y 1990, todos los corredores eran miembros de USA Track & amp Field, pero este requisito ha sido eliminado.

Los estándares de calificación para la carrera de 2013 se endurecieron el 15 de febrero de 2011, en cinco minutos en cada grupo de edad y sexo para maratones que se corrieran después del 23 de septiembre de 2011. [46] Los corredores potenciales en el rango de edad de 18 a 34 deben correr un tiempo de no más de 3:05:00 (3 horas y 5 minutos) si es hombre, o 3:35:00 (3 horas y 35 minutos) si es mujer, el tiempo de clasificación se ajusta hacia arriba a medida que aumenta la edad. Además, el período de gracia de 59 segundos en los tiempos de clasificación se ha eliminado por completo, por ejemplo, un hombre de 40 a 44 años ya no clasificará con un tiempo de 3:15:01. Para muchos maratonistas, calificar para Boston (a "BQ") es una meta y un logro en sí mismo. [47] [48]

Una excepción a los tiempos de clasificación es para los corredores que reciben inscripciones de socios. Aproximadamente una quinta parte de los lugares del maratón se reservan cada año para organizaciones benéficas, patrocinadores, proveedores, licenciatarios, consultores, funcionarios municipales, clubes de corredores locales y comercializadores. En 2010, alrededor de 5.470 corredores adicionales recibieron inscripciones a través de socios, incluidos 2.515 corredores benéficos. [49] El maratón actualmente asigna lugares a dos docenas de organizaciones benéficas que, a su vez, se espera que recauden más de $ 10 millones al año. [50] En 2017, los corredores de caridad recaudaron $ 34.2 millones para más de 200 organizaciones sin fines de lucro. El Programa de Caridad Oficial de la Asociación Atlética de Boston recaudó $ 17,96 millones, el Programa sin Fines de Lucro de John Hancock recaudó $ 12,3 millones y los últimos $ 3,97 millones fueron recaudados por otros corredores calificados e invitados. [51]

El 18 de octubre de 2010, los 20.000 lugares reservados para los clasificados se completaron en un récord de ocho horas y tres minutos. [52] La velocidad de registro llevó a la B.A.A. para cambiar sus estándares de calificación para el maratón de 2013 en adelante. [46] Además de reducir los tiempos de clasificación, el cambio incluye un proceso de solicitud continuo, que da prioridad a los corredores más rápidos. Los organizadores decidieron no ajustar significativamente el número de no clasificados.

El 27 de septiembre de 2018, el B.A.A. anunció que estaban reduciendo los tiempos de clasificación para el maratón de 2020 en otros cinco minutos, y que los corredores masculinos en el grupo de edad de 18 a 34 años debían correr un tiempo de 3:00:00 (3 horas) o menos y las corredoras de 18 -Se requiere que el grupo de 34 años corra un tiempo de 3:30:00 (3 horas, 30 minutos) o menos para calificar. [44]

Día de la carrera Editar

La carrera se ha celebrado tradicionalmente el Día de los Patriotas, [53] un feriado estatal en Massachusetts, y hasta 1969 eso era cada 19 de abril, cualquier día de la semana que cayera. De 1969 a 2019, el día festivo se observó el tercer lunes de abril [54], por lo que la fecha del maratón se fijó correspondientemente para ese lunes, al que los residentes locales a menudo se refieren como "Lunes del maratón". [55]

Horarios de inicio Editar

Hasta 2005, la carrera comenzó al mediodía (carrera en silla de ruedas a las 11:25 a.m. y mujeres de élite a las 11:31 a.m.), en el punto de partida oficial en Hopkinton, Massachusetts. En 2006, la carrera usó un "inicio de ola" escalonado, donde los corredores top (el grupo de élite masculino) y un primer grupo de hasta 10,000 corredores comenzaron al mediodía, con un segundo grupo comenzando a las 12:30. Al año siguiente, se adelantaron los horarios de inicio de la carrera, lo que permitió a los corredores aprovechar las temperaturas más frías y permitir que las carreteras se reabrieran antes. Más tarde, el maratón agregó una tercera y cuarta oleadas para ayudar a los corredores a tambalearse aún más y reducir la congestión. [56] [57] [58]

Los horarios de inicio para 2019 fueron: [59] [60]

  • Silla de ruedas con borde de empuje para hombres: 9:02 a.m.
  • Silla de ruedas Push Rim para mujeres: 9:04 a.m.
  • Handcycles y Duos: 9:25 a.m.
  • Elite Femenino: 9:32 a.m.
  • Hombres de élite: 10 a.m.
  • Ola uno: 10:02 a.m.
  • Ola dos: 10:25 a.m.
  • Ola tres: 10:50 a.m.
  • Ola cuatro: 11:15 a.m.

Curso Editar

El curso recorre 26 millas 385 yardas (42,195 km) de carreteras sinuosas, siguiendo la Ruta 135, la Ruta 16, la Ruta 30 y las calles de la ciudad hasta el centro de Boston, donde la línea de meta oficial se encuentra en Copley Square, junto a la Biblioteca Pública de Boston. . La carrera atraviesa ocho ciudades y pueblos de Massachusetts: Hopkinton, Ashland, Framingham, Natick, Wellesley, Newton, Brookline y Boston. [61]

El maratón de Boston se considera uno de los recorridos de maratón más difíciles debido a las colinas de Newton, que culminan en Colina de la angustia cerca de Boston College. [62] Si bien las tres colinas en Commonwealth Avenue (Ruta 30) son más conocidas, una colina anterior en Washington Street (Ruta 16), que sube desde el cruce del río Charles a 16 millas (26 km), es considerada por Dave McGillivray, el director de carrera a largo plazo, como el desafío más difícil del recorrido. [63] [64] Esta colina, que sigue una caída de 150 pies (46 m) en un tramo de 1 ⁄ 2 milla (800 m), obliga a muchos corredores menos entrenados a caminar a paso.

Heartbreak Hill Editar

Heartbreak Hill es un ascenso de más de 0,4 millas (600 m) entre las marcas de 20 y 21 millas (32 y 34 km), cerca de Boston College. Es la última de las cuatro "colinas de Newton", que comienzan en la marca de 16 millas (26 km) y desafían a los concursantes con subidas tardías (aunque modestas) después de la tendencia general de descenso del recorrido hasta ese punto. Aunque Heartbreak Hill en sí se eleva solo 88 pies (27 m) verticalmente (desde una elevación de 148 a 236 pies (45 a 72 m)), [65] se encuentra en la parte de una distancia de maratón donde es más probable que se acumulen las reservas de glucógeno muscular. ser agotado, un fenómeno al que los maratonistas se refieren como "golpear la pared".

Fue en esta colina donde, en 1936, el campeón defensor John A. "Johnny" Kelley superó a Ellison "Tarzán" Brown, dándole una palmada consoladora en el hombro al pasar. Este gesto renovó el impulso competitivo de Brown, quien se recuperó, se adelantó a Kelley y pasó a ganar; por lo tanto, se dijo, rompió el corazón de Kelley. [66] [67]

Registros Editar

Debido a que el recorrido desciende 459 pies (140 m) de principio a fin [26] y el inicio está bastante al oeste de la meta, lo que permite un viento de cola útil, el Maratón de Boston no satisface dos de los criterios necesarios para la ratificación del mundial [ 68] o registros estadounidenses. [69]

En el Maratón de Boston de 2011 el 18 de abril de 2011, Geoffrey Mutai de Kenia corrió un tiempo de 2:03:02, que fue el maratón más rápido de la historia en ese momento (desde que superó el 2:01:39 de Eliud Kipchoge en Berlín 2018). Sin embargo, debido a las razones enumeradas anteriormente, la actuación de Mutai no fue ratificada como récord mundial oficial. Bezunesh Deba de Etiopía estableció el récord del circuito femenino con una actuación de 2:19:59 el 21 de abril de 2014. Esto fue declarado después de que Rita Jeptoo de Kenia fuera descalificada luego de una violación confirmada de dopaje. [70]

Otros registros del curso incluyen:

  • Masters masculino: John Campbell (Nueva Zelanda), 2:11:04 (ambientado en 1990)
  • Masters femeninos: Firiya Sultanova-Zhdanova (Rusia), 2:27:58 (ambientada en 2002)
  • Silla de ruedas Push Rim para hombres: Marcel Hug (Suiza), 1:18:04 (ambientada en 2017)
  • Silla de ruedas Push Rim para mujeres: Manuela Schär (Suiza), 1:28:17 (ambientada en 2017)
  • Ciclismo de mano masculino: Tom Davis (Estados Unidos), 0:58:36 (ambientado en 2017)
  • Handcycle femenino: Alicia Dana (Estados Unidos), 1:40:22 (ambientada en 2018)

Sólo en cuatro ocasiones se han establecido récords mundiales de maratón en Boston. [ cita necesaria ] En 1947, Suh Yun-Bok, de Corea del Sur, estableció el tiempo récord masculino de 2:25:39. En 1975, Liane Winter, de Alemania Occidental, estableció un récord mundial femenino de 2:42:24, y en 1983, Joan Benoit Samuelson, de Estados Unidos, logró un récord mundial femenino de 2:22:43. En 2012, Joshua Cassidy de Canadá estableció un récord mundial de maratón en silla de ruedas para hombres de 1:18:25.

En 2007, la astronauta Sunita Williams fue un participante oficial de la carrera, corriendo una distancia de maratón mientras estaba en la Estación Espacial Internacional, convirtiéndose en la primera persona en correr un maratón en el espacio. La B.A.A. le envió un dorsal especial y una medalla. en el vuelo STS-117 del transbordador espacial Atlantis. [71] [72]

Los organizadores de la carrera mantienen un reloj de tiempo estándar para todas las inscripciones, aunque el cronometraje oficial cesa después de la marca de las seis horas.

los Asociación Atlética de Boston es una asociación deportiva organizada sin fines de lucro que organiza el Maratón de Boston y otros eventos. [3] [73]

En 1975, el Maratón de Boston se convirtió en el primer maratón importante en incluir una competencia de división en silla de ruedas. [4] Bob Hall le escribió al director de carrera Will Cloney para preguntarle si podía competir en la carrera en su silla de ruedas. Cloney respondió que no podía darle a Hall un número de carrera, pero reconocería a Hall como finalista oficial si completaba la carrera en menos de 3 horas y 30 minutos. Hall terminó en 2 horas y 58 minutos, allanando el camino para la división de sillas de ruedas. [74]

Los ciclistas manuales han competido en la carrera desde al menos 2014. A partir de 2017, los ciclistas manuales son honrados de la misma manera que los corredores y corredores de sillas de ruedas: con coronas de flores, premios en metálico y la reproducción de los himnos nacionales de los ganadores masculinos y femeninos. [75]

Además de la división de sillas de ruedas con borde de empuje, el Maratón de Boston [76] también alberga una división para ciegos / discapacitados visuales y un programa para personas con problemas de movilidad. De manera similar a las divisiones de carrera, se ha desarrollado un conjunto de tiempos de clasificación para estas divisiones para motivar a los aspirantes a atletas y garantizar la excelencia competitiva. En 1986, la introducción de premios en metálico en el Maratón de Boston le dio a la división de sillas de ruedas con borde de empuje la bolsa de premios más rica del deporte. Más de 1,000 personas con discapacidades y deficiencias han participado en la división de sillas de ruedas, mientras que las otras divisiones han ganado popularidad cada año. [77] En 2013 participaron 40 corredores ciegos. [78]

El Boston Marathon Memorial en Copley Square, que está cerca de la línea de meta, se instaló para marcar la centésima carrera de la carrera. Un círculo de bloques de granito en el suelo rodea un medallón central que traza el recorrido de la carrera y otros segmentos que muestran un mapa de elevación del recorrido y los nombres de los ganadores. [79] [80]

Espectadores Editar

Con aproximadamente 500.000 espectadores, la Maratón de Boston es el evento deportivo más visto de Nueva Inglaterra. [4] Aproximadamente 1.000 miembros de los medios de más de 100 medios recibieron credenciales de medios en 2011. [81]

Durante toda la distancia de la carrera, miles de personas se alinean a los lados del campo para animar a los corredores, animarlos y proporcionar agua y bocadillos gratis a los corredores.

Túnel de los gritos editar

En Wellesley College, una universidad para mujeres, es tradicional que los estudiantes animen a los corredores en lo que se conoce como el Túnel del Grito. [82] [83] Durante aproximadamente un cuarto de milla (400 m), los estudiantes se alinean en la pista, gritan y ofrecen besos. El túnel del grito es tan ruidoso que los corredores afirman que se puede escuchar a una milla de distancia. El túnel está aproximadamente a media milla (0,8 km) antes de la mitad del recorrido. [84] [85]

Boston Red Sox Modificar

Cada año, los Medias Rojas de Boston juegan un partido en casa en el Fenway Park, a partir de las 11:05 a.m. Cuando termina el juego, la multitud se vacía en Kenmore Square para animar a los corredores que ingresan a la última milla. Esta tradición comenzó en 1903. [86] En la década de 1940, los Medias Rojas de la Liga Americana y los Bravos de Boston de la Liga Nacional (que se mudaron a Milwaukee después de la temporada de 1953) se alternaban anualmente en cuanto a cuál jugaría el juego matutino. En 2007, el juego entre los Medias Rojas y los Angelinos de Los Ángeles de Anaheim se retrasó hasta las 12:18 p.m. debido a las fuertes lluvias. El maratón, que anteriormente se había corrido en una amplia variedad de condiciones climáticas, no se retrasó. [87] El juego de 2018 ante los Orioles de Baltimore se pospuso hasta mayo debido a la lluvia. [88] Y 2020 vio el juego no jugado como resultado de la pandemia.

Dick y Rick Hoyt Editar

20 km en el recorrido de la maratón el 16 de abril de 2012

Dick y Rick Hoyt son uno de los dúos más reconocidos cada año en el Maratón de Boston. [89] Dick es el padre de Rick, que tiene parálisis cerebral. Si bien los médicos dijeron que nunca tendría una vida normal y pensaron que institucionalizar a Rick era la mejor opción, Dick y su esposa no estuvieron de acuerdo y lo criaron como un niño común. Con el tiempo, se desarrolló un dispositivo informático que ayudó a Rick a comunicarse con su familia, y supieron que una de sus mayores pasiones eran los deportes. El "Equipo Hoyt" (Dick y Rick) comenzó a competir en carreras benéficas, con Dick empujando a Rick en una silla de ruedas. Dick y Rick han competido en 66 maratones y 229 triatlones (hasta agosto de 2008). Su mejor resultado en la maratón fue 2:40:47. El equipo completó su 30 ° Maratón de Boston en 2012, cuando Dick tenía 72 años y Rick 50. [90] Tenían la intención de que el maratón de 2013 fuera el último, pero debido al bombardeo del Maratón de Boston, se detuvieron a una milla antes de completar su carrera, y decidió correr una maratón más el año siguiente. Completaron el maratón de 2014 el 21 de abril de 2014, habiendo anunciado previamente que sería el último. [91] En homenaje a su conexión con la carrera, Dick Hoyt fue nombrado Gran Mariscal del maratón de 2015.

Bandidos Editar

A diferencia de muchas otras carreras, la Maratón de Boston toleró a los "bandidos" (corredores que no se registran y obtienen un dorsal). [92] Solían ser retenidos hasta después de que todos los corredores registrados habían abandonado la línea de salida, y luego fueron liberados en una cuarta ola no oficial. Por lo general, no fueron sacados del campo y en su mayoría se les permitió cruzar la línea de meta. [92] Durante décadas, estos corredores no oficiales fueron tratados como héroes populares locales, celebrados por su resistencia y agallas por participar en una competencia con los atletas más destacados del mundo. [93] El director de la carrera del Maratón de Boston, Dave McGillivray, fue una vez un bandido adolescente. [94]

Sin embargo, dado el aumento de campo que se esperaba para el Maratón de 2014, los organizadores planearon "más que nunca" para disuadir a los bandidos de correr. [95] A septiembre de 2015, el B.A.A. estados del sitio web:

P: ¿Puedo correr en el Maratón de Boston como corredor no oficial o "bandido"? R: No, NO corra si no se ha inscrito oficialmente en la carrera. Las comodidades de la carrera a lo largo del recorrido y al final, como líquidos, atención médica y seguridad vial, se proporcionan según la cantidad de participantes oficiales esperados. Cualquier adición a esto por parte de participantes no oficiales, afecta negativamente nuestra capacidad para garantizar una carrera segura para todos. [96]

Disfraces Editar

Varias personas optan por realizar el curso con una variedad de disfraces cada año. [97] [98] Durante la carrera número 100 en 1996, un corredor usó un modelo a escala del campanario de Old North Church en su espalda. Old North Church es donde se encendió la señal que puso a Paul Revere en su paseo de medianoche, que se conmemora cada año el mismo día que el Maratón. Durante la maratón de 2014, se desalentó a los corredores y espectadores de usar "disfraces que cubran la cara o cualquier atuendo voluminoso que no se ajuste a la forma y que se extienda más allá del perímetro del cuerpo", por razones de seguridad después del atentado de 2013. Sin embargo, las autoridades estatales y la Asociación Atlética de Boston no prohibieron por completo tales disfraces. [99]


Solo 10 hombres terminaron la primera maratón de Boston en 1897, un homenaje a un legendario soldado griego que corrió 24,5 millas y murió.

Quince hombres se alinearon al mediodía frente a Metcalf's Mill en la ciudad de Ashland, Massachusetts, el Día del Patriota, el 19 de abril de 1897. Su misión: correr 24.5 millas por un camino de tierra hasta Irvington Oval en el centro de Boston en lo que sería solo el segundo maratón en suelo estadounidense.

When 30,000 runners set off for Beacon Hill in the Boston Marathon this Monday, April 16, they will be participating in the world’s oldest annual marathon.

A lot has changed along the way.

In the spring of 1896, John Graham, a member of the Boston Athletic Association, attended the inaugural modern Olympics in Greece as a U.S. team manager. There, he observed with keen interest the Marathon-to-Athens 24.5-mile foot race that was staged in homage to the foot soldier Pheidippides of Greek legend, who ran a similar route to deliver the message of the army’s amazing victory over the Persians: “Rejoice! We conquer!” Somewhat inconveniently to the legend, Pheidippides then collapsed and died.

Graham returned home inspired to start a similar long-distance run in his hometown, and with the help of local businessman Herbert H. Holton selected a route and recruited 15 runners from New York and Boston.

Boston Marathon runner Photo: City of Boston Archives CC BY 2.0

The event was called the American Marathon and held on Patriot’s Day, a holiday only in the states of Massachusetts and Maine, which commemorates the start of the Revolutionary War. (In 1969, Patriot’s Day was officially moved to the third Monday in April, as was the Boston marathon.)

Tom Burke, who had won the 100 and 400 meters in the inaugural Olympics in Greece, scratched a line across the dirt road in Ashland and shouted, “Go!” Each of the competitors was accompanied by a handler riding alongside on a bicycle.

Boston Marathon Finish Line, 1910.

Wearing leather lace-up shoes, John McDermott, a lithographer from New York representing the Pastime Athletic Club, pulled away from the pack in the famous Newton Hills (now collectively called Heartbreak Hill). The prior September, McDermott had won the first U.S. marathon, a race along the Old Post Road from Stamford, Connecticut, to the Bronx. Though he walked several times along the dusty road to Boston on Patriot’s Day and suffered calf cramps—commanding of his handler, “Rub!”—he won with a comfortable margin of nearly 7 minutes over his nearest competitor.

Only 10 of the starters finished what was considered at the time a “dangerous” endeavor. Olympic gold medal sprinter Burke dropped out. As for McDermott’s winning time of 2:55:10, it would have put him in 918th place in 2017.

John J. MacDermott, winner of the first Boston Marathon, in 1898

In 1908, royal intervention changed the marathon distance from 24.5 miles to today’s 26.2. The route of the 1908 Olympic Marathon, held in London, was lengthened so that runners, starting at Windsor Castle, would finish in front of the Royal Box at White City Stadium. The Boston Marathon start line was moved from Ashland to Hopkinton in 1924 to conform to the 26.2-mile standard.

For much of its history, Boston was a free event, and the prize was a laurel wreath, bragging rights, and a cup of beef stew served up in the locker room of the Boston Athletic Association. The first cash prize was awarded in 1986. Today’s male and female winner will each take home $150,000, plus a bonus $50,000 if they break the course record.

For much of its history, the Boston Marathon also famously excluded women. In 1966, 23-year-old Roberta “Bobbi” Gibb, wearing a black bathing suit and her brother’s long white Bermuda shorts, hid in the bushes at Hopkinton, jumped into the race at the start, and completed the 26.2-mile distance. Though her story was splashed across newspaper headlines—“Hub Bride First Gal to Run Marathon!”—race organizers disavowed her accomplishment and refused to concede she had participated in their event.

The following year, a young woman obtained a bib number by entering as the gender-neutral K.V. Switzer. Though race organizer Jock Semple famously tried to wrestle her off the course, shouting, “Get the hell out of my race!” Kathrine Switzer went on to finish as the first woman Boston marathoner with a bib number.

Kathrine Switzer at the 2011 Berlin Marathon Expo Photo: Marathona –
CC BY-SA 3.0

Sadly for marathon enthusiasts, the most famous female Boston “winner” may be impostor Rosie Ruiz, who faked her run. In 1980, Ruiz, a Cuban-American office worker from Manhattan, had taken the T, jumped into the race near its finish in Kenmore Square, and dashed across the finish line to claim first place in a record time of 2:31:56.

Spectators and officials were immediately suspicious: Ruiz was hardly sweating. She did not have the same skinny physique of other elite competitors. No one could remember seeing her on the course, certainly not the woman who was actually in first place, Jacqueline Gareau. It took about a week for organizers to conduct an investigation and conclude that Ruiz had cheated and Gareau was the rightful winner.

The most famous challenge in the Boston Marathon is the so-called Heartbreak Hill, actually a series of three hills concluding in Newton at around the crushing 20-mile mark, when tired runners still have 6.2 miles to go.

Tombstone of Johnny Kelley- Marathon Man Quivet Neck Cemetery, East Dennis, Massachusetts

Heartbreak Hill got its name in 1936, when Ellison “Tarzan” Brown pulled away from defending champion John A. Kelley on the hills, giving his competitor a conciliatory pat on the back. Kelley was unable to catch Tarzan, resulting in his heartbreaking loss.

It would take another decade for John A. Kelley to win the Boston Marathon again, in 1945, in a time of 2:30:40, the fastest marathon time that year. Kelley finished the Boston Marathon 58 times, completing his last in 1992, at the remarkable age of 84. Kelley died in 2004 at the age of 97.

In 1993, a statue of Kelley was erected near the bottom of Heartbreak Hill. On this coming Patriot’s Day, 30,000 Boston marathoners will pass by it—hoping they too can run well into their 80s, shouting, “Rejoice! We conquer!” without dying.


26.2 facts about the Boston Marathon

Sharpen your Beantown knowledge and floss your running wisdom with 26.2 facts to impress your marathoning friends.

1- The Boston Marathon is iconic for a reason&mdashit's both the oldest (dating back to 1897) and the fastest (median time of 3:44) marathon in the country.

2- Racers pick up their bibs and chips at the John Hancock Sports & Fitness Expo, the largest running expo in the world. With more than 200 exhibitors, each brand strives to outdo the rest. In 2012, the pageantry included harpists dressed as angels and elite athletes attempting to break the treadmill marathon record as curious runners looked on.

3- Perhaps the most famous incline in running, Heartbreak Hill has a reputation for being a doozie. However, the highest point on the course (by far) is actually the starting line, at 463 feet above sea level. Heartbreak crests to only 263 feet, but it&rsquos located at mile 20 -- when even a molehill feels like a mountain.

4- One of the only 26.2 milers held on a weekday, Boston coincides with Patriots' Day, a civic holiday celebrated only in Massachusetts and Maine commemorating the first battles of the Revolutionary War.

5- Approximately 500,000 spectators line the marathon's course each year --that's 80 percent of Boston&rsquos total population!

6- Women were officially excluded from the race until 1972. Kathrine Switzer famously entered as "KV Switzer" in 1967 and was nearly stopped by official Jock Semple. Our swift sister dodged his grabby hands and ran on to cross the finish in 4 hours and 20 minutes.

7- In 1951, Korean-American runners were denied entry. The logic was that these citizens should be supporting U.S. troops in the Korean War. Walter A. Brown, then-president of the Boston Athletic Association, stated, "Every Korean should be fighting to protect his country instead of training for marathons."

8- Runners gunning to qualify for Boston (or BQ) often look for fast, flat courses to up their chances. However, the majority of qualifiers, once they get their foot in the door, earn their BQ from Boston itself by running the famous marathon year after year.

9- As the final finishers run through the line, race director Dave McGillivray heads back to Hopkinton to run the 26.2-mile course in memory of his grandfather, as he's done for 39 straight years.

10- More than 1,000 media credentials are issued for outlets around the world. Writers, photographers and announcers are handed a cheat sheet with descriptions of the elite runners&rsquo outfits and phonetic pronunciations of their names.

11- It takes a village! From water-stop duties to Porta-Potty patrol, more than 8,000 volunteers are on hand to ensure a seamless event.

12- The start is located at One Ash Street in Hopkinton, Mass. The pretty building adjacent to the line also serves as registration headquarters for the Boston Athletic Association. The organizations&rsquo symbol, a unicorn, peers down from the window watching the runners embark on their journey.

13- In 1987, the rope preventing the runners from crossing the start line early was accidentally left in place as the gun went off, tripping one elite athlete. This rope has since been replaced with a human chain of volunteers who part just before the pistol fires.

14- Boston girls always battle. For the last five years, the first and second finishers in the women's race have been separated by three seconds or less&mdasha crazy-close margin for a 26.2-mile race. In 2009, the winner, Salina Kosgei, nipped runner-up Dire Tune by one second for the closest finish in the race&rsquos history.

15- Aside from the traditional olive wreath made from leaves picked in Greece, the first-place winner snags a prize purse of $150,000 -- and an additional $25,000 if she sets the course record. Not too shabby for a few hours of work!

16- The marathon's not only about Monday -- the whole weekend is a running celebration. On Sunday morning, the BAA 5k and Invitational Mile take over downtown Boston as Olympic speedsters (runners from previous years include Morgan Uceny, Anna Pierce and Kim Smith) hit the streets.

17- The little suburb of Hopkinton, which hosts Boston's starting line, may seem unassuming&mdashbut in the 19th century it was a premier spa destination. Mineral springs thought to have healing powers lured visitors seeking rejuvenation for 25 cents a bath.

18- The oldest baseball stadium in the world, Fenway Park, gets in on the tradition every year with a Marathon Monday home game. After the game, Red Sox fans (and players!) stream out into Kenmore Square to cheer.

19- Runners must be 18 years old to enter the marathon, but there are no upper age limits. In 2012, Maddona Buder finished in 5:38 at the age of 81!

20- Sunday evening, Boston's City Hall Plaza welcomes hungry runners who chow down on 11,300 pounds of pasta and unlimited beer.

21- Qualifying for the race isn't the only way you can get into Boston. Special exceptions are made for a limited number of media and select friends of race staff, as well as nearly 2,000 charity runners who raise over $15 million dollars each year.

22- Thirty-eight years ago, the first official wheelchair participant, polio survivor Bob Hall, finished the race in 2:58. In 2012, Shirley Reilly won the women&rsquos division in 1:37.

23- The loudest cheers on the course echo from Wellesley College's campus. The all-girls school shows up in force, with coeds lining the streets in what runners affectionately call the "Scream Tunnel." Hollers can be heard from hundreds of yards away&mdashbut runners have to get close to make good on the dozens of "Kiss me!" señales.

24- Like a beacon in the night, Kenmore Square's 73-year-old Citgo sign lights the way for tired runners. When racers can see the red triangle, there&rsquos just one mile left in their marathon journey.

25- The beautiful starting line is created from a unique stencil designed by Jack Leduc. The Hopkinton local spends up to 30 hours crafting his one-of-a-kind stencil and transferring his art to the pavement&mdashonly for it to be destroyed in seconds by thousands of stomping feet.

26- After receiving their finisher's medal, satisfied runners stumble through the corral, where volunteers wrap the racers in Mylar thermal blankets (35,000 are ordered for race day). The shiny sheets prevent post-race chills&mdashand make the racers look like superheroes.

26.2- We predict the 2014 Boston Marathon will be one of the biggest and best celebrations of the runner&rsquos strength in the history of race events!


Charles Burden Wins the First Marathon in the South - 1909 Running History: March 1909 “First Marathon in the South Won by Colored Runner”

“It has just come to the notice of THE AGE that the first Marathon race ever pulled off in the South was held in New Orleans, La., several days ago and was won by a colored athlete. Charles Burden, of Union, La., was the young Negro who in a two hours and ten minutes endurance contest won over his white competitors. The race was held under the auspices of the Southern A.A.U., and Burden was entered by a Chicago white man. He was number 20, and when his number was called and it was learned that Burden was colored, the promoters almost had fainting spells, and the doctors refused to examine him. However, when the race ended, he crossed the line first, ahead of the white and Indian runners. The promoters of the race are not yet over Burden winning.”

Fuente:
The New York Age, March 18, 1909


First Boston Marathon held - HISTORY

Bill Rodgers
Residence: Sherborn, Massachusetts
Occupation: Athlete
First Marathon: 1973 Boston Marathon
D.O.B.: 12-31-47
Age at first marathon: 25

It is easy to understand how Bill Rodgers captured America’s heart and was a major force in causing the running boom of the late seventies. He greets you with a big smile, is friendly and warm. The press and media loved him. He was the golden boy of American running. Pictures of elite runners and other celebrities now crowd the wall of his office, along with medals, trophies, and race numbers placed haphazardly. The pair of shoes he wore for his first Boston win is there. They hold a special place in Bill’s memory—not just for the win, but because they were owned by Steve Prefontaine, who sent them to him to wear for that race. Rodgers has been called a rebel, an angry young man, and an agitator for being a proponent of awarding prize money to runners without losing their amateur status. He is a four-time winner of both the Boston and New York City Marathons. Rodgers is now retired from the marathon, though not from shorter races. His weekly training is not the two hundred miles it was back in the seventies, but it is still enough to keep him race-fit and able to keep up with his two young daughters.

I was born in Hartford, Connecticut, but by age seven we had moved to nearby Newington. My brother, Charlie, our friend, Jason, and I were inseparable. We were very active kids, always hiking, always getting into something, always together. In high school, the three of us ran cross country on a small team, consisting of us and three other kids. The coach was a great motivator. He didn’t overwork us or destroy our love for running, just enhanced it. I do think there are lots of kids out there who have the potential to be great runners if only they have the right coach, someone who shows an interest and cares. I loved cross country right from the start. I loved the open territory and going the distance. I wasn’t too good at track, couldn’t get that initial kick required for short distance. I received feedback about my so-called talent back in high school. I was in the local paper quite a bit and my name would be announced on the P.A. system at school, along with the football players, announcing my wins at the meets.

At Wesleyan University in Connecticut, I continued running cross country. The coach wasn’t a crack-the-whip type and I enjoyed the camaraderie of the other runners. Maybe if I had a hard-nosed coach I would have run faster, but I enjoyed what I was doing and that was more important to me. I only ran during the season and never in the summer. In my junior year I slipped a bit even during the season and my roommate, Amby Burfoot, would return to our room after a weekend to find beer cans and cigarette butts scattered around. He was a more serious runner than I was, more committed to the sport. One Sunday morning, he took me out for a twenty-five-mile run, to punish me, I think. I kept up until the last few miles when he decided to pick up the pace and left me behind. Amby had been coached by John J. Kelley at Fitch High School in Groton, Connecticut, and one weekend he came up to visit and we all went for a run. John was fortyish at the time and I thought to myself, “This guy can run pretty well for an old man.” Amby learned a lot from the older runners and he’d pass the information on to me. I was a firm believer in the L.S.D. method—long, slow distance, which was introduced by Emil Zapotek. I was never interested in the marathon back in college, but Amby was. He dreamed about it. He trained hard for it and won Boston in his senior year, 1968. I had never even seen the Boston Marathon so I wasn’t caught up in its mysticism. And I hate to train in the heat, which is all summer, and I hate to train in the cold, which is all winter. Road racing is a tough sport and I wasn’t committed to it, hadn’t been caught by its lure. Training for a ten-miler was the most I wanted to do. I thought I’d die if I had to train for a marathon.

After college I stopped running and the occasional cigarette grew into a habit. There was no postcollegiate outlet for runners so there was no reason to continue. The Vietnam War was looming over our heads I was a college graduate with barely passing grades, no job, and no real future. I applied for a Conscientious Objector status with the draft board based on my Roman Catholic beliefs and was granted one along with my brother and Jason. We still did everything together. Having a c.o. kept us out of the draft but it also limited our job opportunities, as we could only apply at nonprofit organizations. Jason and I got job at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. My skills were put to use taking deceased bodies to the morgue. It didn’t pay well and wasn’t that motivating, but at least I was employed. I borrowed money to buy a motorcycle, let my hair grow long, and, basically, let life go by.

I have to say, I probably became a marathoner because I had nothing else in my life. I got fired from my job for trying to organize the non-union employees my motorcycle was stolen so I had no form of transportation other than running everywhere I had no money and no immediate positive outlook on life in general. The one positive thing I did was quit smoking. I wheeled too many cancer victims to the morgue.

Jason and I shared an apartment by Symphony Hall in Boston and one day in April 1971, we watched the Boston Marathon for the first time. Huge crowds were everywhere. I was amazed at the spectacle of the event. And then to my amazement and shock, I saw my former cross-country teammates crossing the finish line. I saw Jeff Galloway, my teammate from Wesleyan, and John Vitale, whom I ran against at the University of Connecticut. I thought, “Wait a minute, if they can do it, so can I.”

I still had mixed feelings about running a marathon, but heck, it had to be better than doing nothing and I knew I was just as good a runner as the guys I saw. First, I needed to get back in shape, so I joined a YMCA by our apartment and started running this slanted, tiny track that was boring as hell, but I hadn’t run in two years and needed to start somewhere. I went back to running because it was all I knew, all I had left. I went back to running to bring a sense of order to my life. When I got my endurance back, I started hitting some of the local road races and did well at the 5Ks and 10Ks. In February of 1973 I entered a 30K and ran in blue jeans. I didn’t have any money to buy the proper shoes or clothing, and besides, it was cold. Ironically, Amby also ran that race and ultimately won it. The prize was a pair of car tires, which he had no use for so he offered them to me, but I didn’t even have a car.

I felt like I was on an upswing. It was time to start making big plans and I really thought I was ready for a marathon. Frank Shorter had won the gold in the ’72 Olympics and that was a huge influence on me. I started running twice a day, averaging about 130 miles a week and concentrating on endurance. I ate more because I was also hungry. I’m not a good breakfast eater, but I make up for it the rest of the day. I didn’t do fast intervals like Salazar I mainly concentrated on distance. My maximum mileage was two hundred a week, split between sixteen miles in the morning and thirteen miles in the afternoon, around Jamaica Plains pond. I could never repeat that now, but at the time I was striving for distance endurance.

By now I had made it public that I was running Boston in 1973. Amby gave me some advice, but I don’t remember what it was. I do remember it was a very hot day and I never felt strong from the very start. Everyone started passing me and finally I dropped out at twenty-one miles at the top of Heartbreak Hill. I couldn’t even go another five miles. I had no interest in finishing. My only thought was how to get home. As I look back to that day, I can’t believe how I miscalculated the field, thinking I would place among the top five. I had no idea just how talented the runners were. I was demoralized. I had always been a winner and now I was humiliated.

The following week, as I analyzed my failed attempt, I decided that the weather had played a major factor in my poor performance because I never trained in the heat. Determined to make a strong comeback, my wife and I made the decision to move to California so I could train in a hot climate. She quit her job, and since I didn’t have one, we packed what small belongings we had and drove cross country to sunny, and hot, California. That trip turned out to be a total fiasco. We stayed five days, turned around, and drove back East. I was too overwhelmed by all the cars, the people, and, yes, the weather, plus we had no money, no place to stay, no contacts, and I guess you could say it was not a well-planned itinerary.

Back in Boston, we lived on food stamps for about six months until I finally landed a job teaching behavior modification to disabled adults, and also started a graduate degree at Boston College. The running boom was beginning to explode and 1974 was a very exciting time for us. I was training hard, but something was missing. Having always been part of a team, I missed the camaraderie and support of teammates. The Greater Boston Track Club had just formed and I became one of its first members. We were a formidable group, winning most of the titles in the area. I loved being part of a team again. We were like the Kenyans of today, practicing the concept and dynamics of team strength. Athletes motivate each other and it’s a wonderful environment to be a part of. Billy Squires came on board as our coach, which was a great asset. I decided to give the Boston Marathon another try in 1974 and placed a respectable fourteenth. I held fourth position for twenty miles and then just dropped back, finishing at 2:19:34. I wanted that win badly, but my training just wasn’t good enough. The top pack at Boston then usually included the same names, give or take a few newcomers: Galloway, Fleming, Vitale, Kelley, Drayton, and me. We were all very competitive, we all wanted to win. Fleming was the most serious. He never shared his training tips with us. Neither did Shorter. They kept to themselves when it came down to winning, but at the same time we were all the best of friends. Heck, we saw each other all the time at other races or training runs. We kidded each other about our wins and losses but it was never malicious. In the ’77 Boston Marathon I shared my water with Drayton, who didn’t have any and there were no water stations in sight. It was a very hot day and once again the heat did me in, but Drayton went on to win.

I did have a few rivals who weren’t so friendly and at one road race when I lost to one of them, he won a bouquet of flowers, which he then proceeded to give to my wife, saying, “Give these to Billy. He could use them.”

By 1975 I was determined to win Boston. After two failed attempts, I needed a win. Once again, the press dismissed my chances of winning. They never took me seriously, but then again, I didn’t take myself seriously. I wasn’t consistent, didn’t have a great marathon record. What they underestimated was my desire and my recent wins. In November of ’74 I won the Philadelphia Marathon and had just returned from the World Cross Country Championships in Morocco, performing exceptionally well, winning a bronze medal. My teammates knew I was poised to win Boston, but the press hadn’t covered the World Championships and quite frankly, they didn’t know much about the sport.

When you want to win Boston, it’s not just a matter of your own training, being in the best possible shape. You had to know your competition, how they ran, how they felt, how they breathed, and you had to pray to Mother Nature for the perfect day. A tailwind or headwind could make or break a winner. And if the field is particularly strong, the competition can be decimating. The weather on the morning of April 19, 1975, was perfect: not too hot, not too cold, the type of morning you pray for. I looked up into the heavens and said a soft, “Thank you, God.”

Wearing a white T-shirt with gbtc hand-painted on front in big, bold letters and a pair of white gardening gloves for the morning chill, I was ready. Tom Fleming gave me a headband to hold my hair out of my eyes. I really was a rogue runner. For the first part of the race, I listened to my competitors’ breathing, trying to determine if they started out too soon, if they were tiring or if they were saving it for a powerful surge at the end. I talked to them, reasoning if they still had enough breath to speak, they could still kick at the end. All of this was very important to me because I planned to go like a bat out of hell and never stop or look back. I did stop once to tie my shoe but only after I knew I was far out in front with no one on my heels. There were no water stations at Boston so I relied on my brother and Jason for my fluids. Everything worked in my favor that year and I set a Boston and an American record of 2:09:55. I went from running a 2:19 to a 2:09. I couldn’t believe it myself, it was such a phenomenal breakthrough.

Fame came my way, but not money. I was still broke. In 1976, Fred Lebow invited me to run his New York City Marathon. Fred was always the promoter and thought it would be a big story having me and Frank Shorter run the race, competing for a win, plus the fact it was the first year his marathon was moving out of the boundaries of Central Park and through New York City. He couldn’t promise me any money but I went anyway, traveling the back roads as I couldn’t pay tolls on the turnpike. Everyone thought Frank, the Olympian, would place first, but I beat him for my first New York win. I didn’t even know the route as it wound its way around the city. I do remember running on the East River Drive Promenade, passing guys fishing or just plain drunk, not even realizing we were running a marathon. It was insane, but I loved it. The crowds were great in New York, and I fed off their energy. I like running for the crowds, hearing them call my name, cheering for me. After that race, I went back to my car, which was parked on the street, and it had been towed. Fred had to take up a collection so I could get it back and drive home.

After my marathon successes, Nike and New Balance offered me five hundred dollars to endorse their athletic line. I thought it sounded low, so while I was thinking about it I flew to Japan for the Fukuoka Marathon and was offered three thousand dollars by Tiger/Asics for a one-year contract. I thought I was rich, had finally hit the jackpot. Things were beginning to look good.

In 1978 I was ready for another victory at Boston and trained harder than ever. I didn’t want to be a one-time winner and also had my sights set on the 1980 Olympics. It was a tough field that year and I knew I had to concentrate, run hard, and not look back. I held the lead for most of the race and just when I thought I was in the clear, a motorcycle cop came alongside me and alerted me that someone was fast on my heels. I panicked, it was like a bad dream. I had been running hard and didn’t have a lot of push left. I surged forward with all I could muster and won by two seconds. It was very nerve racking. The internal pressure to win was incredible. Once you taste a win, you want it again and again. If you don’t win, it is very disappointing.

I won Boston again in ’79 and ’80. I ran to be the best and back in the seventies we were the best. Representing the United States at the Olympics and World Cross Country Championships was a highlight in my life. It was a feeling of patriotism that is missing today, as sports have become diluted with commercialism and million-dollar contracts. We didn’t have that we ran for the glory of our country. I was very proud to be a member of the U.S. team wherever I competed.

Nowadays I only run in one gear. I can’t shift into surges or kicks. I think of myself as a dependable car: one steady gear and accident free. And I don’t believe mile markers anymore ten miles seems more like fifteen. In my past life as a marathoner I could never get to the start line injury-free. Now I know better. I take care of the little injuries before they turn into big ones. And once a week I get a deep muscle massage. I still love going to races and being a spokesman for the sport. It brings me in contact with lots of great people and some very interesting situations. I was invited to the state of Washington to officiate a race and was asked to hand out the prizes. ¡Excelente! I love to do that. However, what the officials didn’t tell me was that the prizes were fresh-caught salmon and the winners received their weight in salmon. A huge scale was at the finish and as the winners weighed in, I had to load the other half of the scale with the salmon. All morning long I pulled huge salmon out of a box of chipped ice and threw the fish on the scale. That was quite an event.

These days, I usually win my age group in the half-marathon. Sometimes I do miss the marathon, especially when I attend the big expositions such as in New York or Boston. When people tell me they are thinking of running a marathon, I tell them to go for it. I give two pieces of advice: Go to a race and watch the crowd. You can learn a lot from just being an observer. Also, when you commit to a race, check out the last two miles of the course. You’ll want to know what it looks like, if there are hills, or curves, or if it’s a straightaway to the finish. Look for potholes, anything that could get in your way. The last two miles is not the time to be thinking about the course.

Anyone who runs a marathon is on a mission, whether it is to win or to finish. It’s a hard race and I respect anyone who runs it. It is a neat achievement, very satisfying. The medal, the T-shirt, the trophy will stay with you always. Every runner is an athlete. It’s a great thrill, a way to turn your life around. Use it to achieve something positive in your life, like quitting smoking. Whatever it takes, it is worth it. It will be with you the rest of your life.


Boston Marathon canceled for first time in its history, will be held as 'virtual event'

The 124th Boston Marathon will now be held virtually following orders from Mayor Martin Walsh (D) to cancel the event due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

The move is the first time in its 124-year history that the marathon has been canceled, although some events will be held to carry on the tradition of the annual marathon.

According to an announcement from the Boston Athletic Association (BAA) released Thursday, the virtual Boston Marathon "will be complemented" by several virtual events during the second week of September.

The @BAA has announced that the 124th Boston Marathon will be held as a virtual event, following Boston Mayor Martin Walsh’s cancellation of the marathon as a mass participation road running event due to the COVID-19 pandemic. pic.twitter.com/tlIdvsU9sq

— Boston Marathon (@bostonmarathon) May 28, 2020

"Our top priority continues to be safeguarding the health of the community, as well as our staff, participants, volunteers, spectators, and supporters," said Tom Grilk, chief executive of the BAA.

"While we cannot bring the world to Boston in September, we plan to bring Boston to the world for a historic 124th Boston Marathon," he added.

At Walsh's press conference Thursday, Grilk said "the spirit of the Boston Marathon is to be strong and to be smart," adding that "you need to have the strength, wisdom, and guidance from public officials to do what's right."

Participants who were registered for the marathon on the initial April 20 date will be offered a full refund for entry fees and will have the option to participate in a "virtual alternative" for the 124th Boston Marathon, which can be run between Sept. 7 and Sept. 14.

The BAA will be offering several virtual events and activities throughout the second week of September, including exclusive panel discussions, champions interviews and a downloadable Boston Marathon toolkit, including several other entities for registrants.

Those who wish to run for the 2020 virtual marathon will be required to complete the 26.2-mile distance in six hours or fewer and submit proof of timing to the BAA.

Participants who complete the virtual race will receive an official Boston Marathon program, a t-shirt, a medal and a runner's bib.

In March, the marathon was delayed by several months due to concerns about the spreading coronavirus outbreak.

The annual Boston Marathon serves as a positive symbol for Boston locals, thousands of visitors and traveling marathon runners from across the country and the world who come each year for the event.


First Boston Marathon held - HISTORY

Globe coverage of the
first Boston Marathon

The ``Marathon'' race from Ashland to this city, held under the auspices of the Boston athletic association, yesterday afternoon, in conjunction with open handicap games on Irvington oval, in emulation of the Olympic games held in Athens last spring, proved a great success and is an assurance of an annual fixture of the same kind.

J.J. McDermott of the Pastime A.C. of New York won the distance run, and he was given an ovation as he went around the Irvington oval track finishing a record-breaking performance.

He made the distance, 25 miles, in 2h 55m 10s, which puts in the shade the performance made by the Greek peasant, Spiros Louces, from Marathon to Athens, last season, by about 30 seconds.

The early morning trains to Ashland carried hundreds of spectators who wished to see the start of the great race and then jump on a train again and be present at Irvington oval to see the finish. A small army of bicyclists went on the trains and over the road, and many of them returned with the runners.

At 12:15 Tom Burke scraped his foot across the narrow street in front of Metcalf's mill and called the contestants' number. Fifteen men answered.

At 19 minutes past noon starter Tom Burke gave the word ``Go.'' All the contestants went away quickly, but after going about 50 yards they seemed to realize that they had just 25 miles of hard road before them and settled down to a comfortable jog.

The crowd at the Ashland station was good natured, and as it formed a line for the athletes to pass, the sleepy old town rang with the cheers of her lusty sons. As each passed he received a hearty greeting. After passing the station the men settled down to work in earnest and from here to South Framingham the order was almost unchanged, except that McDermott went back a little to save himself. Hamilton Gray and Dick Grant were running side by side, stride for stride, as they passed through the long line of spectators which stretched from Ashland to South Framingham. The houses all along the line were filled with people, and many handkerchiefs and good wishes were wafted upon the beautiful April day as the men, with faces set, kept on.

After leaving South Framingham cyclists dropped in line about the leaders, as if the heavens had suddenly opened and rained wheels. Carriages, wagons, motor cycles and in fact every conceivable form of conveyance was brought into line, and by the time the tail end of the line of runners had left the square there was hardly room to turn around.

From South Framingham to Natick there was very little change in the order of the leaders. The runners still continued to receive ovations all along the line, which they acknowledged by waving their hands or bowing. Grant and Gray were running a splendid race, there being no difference in the length of stride, and each man seemed to have about the same amount of endurance. Gray's manner of running was prettier than the Harvard man's, but it must be remembered that this was the first long run that Grant had engaged in, and he was running a beautiful race. About half way between South Framingham and Natick, the competitors encountered a hard hill, but they went up in apparently more easily than did those who were on wheels. Somewhere between these two places McDermott shook [J.J.] Kiernan and gained third place.

The order was not changed between Natick and Wellesley, the only change being the lessening of the distance between McDermott and the two leaders. Several young women from Wellesley college received the leaders at Wellesley, and when they recognized the Harvard colors of Grant they cheered. The order behind McDermott had not changed materially. Just as the hill between Wellesley and Newton Lower Falls was reached McDermott got on even terms with the leaders and brushed past them down the hill. He evidently took the heart out of Gray, for he stopped running and walked. Grant gave chase, and although nearly played out he clung to the heels of the New York flyer and winner of the New York race last fall. It was a hot race for about a mile, and the Harvard crack was applauded generously for his plucky but fruitless race. At the bottom of the hill and at the rise of the next he staggered a few steps and quit running. He walked to the top of the hill, just in time to see the little Pastime A.C. wonder disappearing around a turn in the road.

A street watering cart was passing at the time, and Grant signalled the driver to stop and he laid down in the street, requesting the driver to let the water run over him. After this shower bath he continued again for a short distance, but his feet had gone back on him and he was obliged to give up the race.

The main part of the crowd now centered about McDermott, and the attendants had hard work to keep the road clear. He was running like clockwork. His legs seemed to rise and fall like a phantom Greek and his little body was bent just the least bit forward, his arms were at full length at his side, and his face was set with determination. As he turned into the boulevard he asked his attendant, Corp. Eddie Heinlein, to tell him when he had gone 20 miles. He breasted the long hill manfully, still maintaining the beautiful form, and he laughed at the wheelmen who were pounding their pedals in their endeavor to keep their machines in motion. He never lessened his pace until he reached the Evergreen cemetery, about a quarter of a mile from the reservoir entrance. Here he stopped running for the first time since he started just 20 miles back. After walking about one-eighth of a mile he again sprinted for about 20 yards, when he was seized with a cramp in his left leg. He received a vigorous rubbing amid the plaudits of the people who had gathered to see the man go by. He started again. He ran a few steps and was obliged to stop again.

Many thought that he was gone, but he held his leg stiff and said ``Rub.'' That leg was rubbed! He started once more on his last run and never stopped until he was past Coolidge Corner, heeding not the great demonstration that was accorded him. Down the short hill on Beacon st. to St. Paul st. he went, where he stopped running and walked to Carleton st. In the meantime he mustered all his remaining strength, and when he was told that another runner had just come over the hill, he shut his teeth, set his face, and leaning well forward, he dug his shoes into the hard Beacon st. surface and started on his last spurt. He ran up the hill like a half-miler, down the other side to Commonwealth av. and across Massachusetts av. breaking a funeral procession and stalling two electric cars.

. the little champion of champions landed on the track with a bound, turned to the left and moved his lithe, well-shaped limbs like a piston-rod around the track. He ran the lap in exactly 40 seconds. When he finished he was perfectly strong, but he was lifted to the shoulders of the crowd, and it was by the hardest kind of reasoning that he escaped and ran to the B.A.A. clubhouse.

``This probably will be my last long race. I hate to quit now, because I will be called a quitter and a coward, but look at my feet. Do you blame me for wanting to stop it? I only walked about a quarter of a mile in the whole distance and it was 20 miles before I lagged a step. I think I shall be all right tomorrow.''


Ver el vídeo: Katherine Switzer. La Primer mujer en correr la Maratón de Boston (Julio 2022).


Comentarios:

  1. Sloane

    el mal gusto lo que eso

  2. Iccauhtli

    Lo acepto con placer. En mi opinión, esto es relevante, participaré en la discusión. Juntos podemos llegar a la respuesta correcta.

  3. Vasek

    Bravo, la magnífica idea y es oportuno

  4. Hwistlere

    Es una pena que no pueda hablar ahora, no hay tiempo libre. Volveré, definitivamente expresaré mi opinión.

  5. Dirg

    Este pensamiento será útil.

  6. Huarwar

    Quiero decir, permites el error. Escríbeme en PM, hablamos.



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